Dog training is an essential activity if you want to enjoy your time with your pet. All dogs need some form of training, for whatever the reason. This article provides helpful advice and strategies on how you can teach your dog.
Rewarding your dog generously and appropriately is essential in training your dog, so, giving your pet treats promptly is very important.
House Training Your Dog – Crate Training
House training is best built around a regular bathroom schedule.
An important part of dog training is crate training. If this is what you have chosen to do. Crate training as a way to train your dog is new to many people. Some people believe it is cruel. But that couldn’t be further from the truth.
Crate training, when executed properly, is by far the safest and kindest method. Dogs enjoy their own space and climbing into a “cave” for protection and safety is part of their DNA.
When crate training a young puppy you must be consistent. If you remove the pup from the crate, see to it that he has the means to go potty. The dog will eventually learn that there are proper times to go outside and relieve himself.
To ensure success, you must ensure that the crate you are using is appropriate for the size and breed of your pet. You should keep in mind that your dog will get bigger.
Choose a crate that works both for puppy and mature sizes. The dog must have enough room to lie down and turn around without getting crowded.
Treats Are Dog Language
Be sure to feed your dog healthy foods and treats as a poor diet can negatively affect them in various ways.
Dogs understand many simple words or commands. One way dog training can “talk” to your dog is treats. Giving your dog a treat as positive reinforcement of a behavior is immediate. After a few sessionsaaaaaaaa he will quickly learn the behavior for the treat.
Dog Jumping Up
If your dog jumps when you don’t want him to, gently squeeze his paws. This will not hurt your dog if done lightly, but it will impart the information that jumping up is not appropriate.
Eventually, they’ll quit jumping on other people because they’ll start associating jumping with this pinching.
Have a good time while training your dog. The dog will respond more positively to training if you create a better bond between you and them.
When you play with your dog, you help make a stronger bond between the two of you. In return, he becomes more receptive to being trained.
Dog training can be fun for your dog, but it doesn’t always have to be about learning something new. Play for the sake of playing and have fun with it.
Good Dog Trainer
If you want to be a good dog trainer, then be firm and consistent. Do not yell at your dog: try finding the right balance between being strict when your dog misbehaves and being a loving master the rest of the time.
Primary reinforcement is a proven principle that is useful in training dogs. This means you should reward it for good behavior.
Primary reinforcements can include using treats, food or even a good belly rub. Doing this will show your dog alternatives for obtaining what he wants appropriately.
Let your dog get used to triggers that make them bark to reduce the behavior. A variety of things can cause this, whether other animals, unknown people or specific sounds.
An untrained dog will drive you crazy and can destroy your property. By using the advice given here, you will learn some dog training tricks and be able to approach training your dog with new confidence.
Few things in life can drive you as crazy as a dog barking constantly. Whether they have that deep shuddering “Woof, woof, woof” or that ear piercing “Yap, Yap, Yap” it can do your head in very quickly.
The good news is that barking is not something that dogs need to do to be happy. In fact, generally speaking, dog barking is a sign of stress, frustration, anxiety or overexcitement and none of these emotions are particularly useful for your dog.
Remember a content, relaxed dog does not bark!
So let’s take a look at one specific type of barking and get you started on putting a stop to it…
Knock, knock! Dog Control Calling…
Dogs who bark when you are not at home is a widespread issue. Usually, people have no idea that they have a problem until the neighbor or even worse the dog control officer, visits you.
Understanding why your dog is barking is the key to stopping it so you can actually address the cause of your dogs problem and not just treat the symptoms.
Now bear with me on this one because you MUST remember you have to see it all through your dog’s eyes!
So, think of it like this…
Leaders & Followers
Your dog is a pack animal and understands that there are leaders and followers. The pack leader’s job is to protect the pack.
So, on Monday morning when everybody leaves the house to go to work and leaves the dog at home alone, they become stressed and so would you if you lost your pack!
That’s the reason why they’re stressed and barking. Your dogs are calling out to you to come back. They’re just are trying to do their job.
Dog Pack Leaders Are Like Parents
Think about it, if you are a parent with a young three-year-old child, one of your primary jobs is to keep that child safe. To do this, you keep an eye on them. All the time. All over the house, you know where they are. They are safe.
You are relaxed, right?
If they suddenly walk out of the house and shut the front door behind them locking you in what would you do?
Chase after them? Of course…
But, what if the door was locked and you couldn’t open it? And all the other entries and windows are closed? Then what would you do, phone for help?
Dog Barking is Shouting for Help!
Your dog doesn’t have that option! Shout for help? Well, that is what your dog is doing.
You certainly wouldn’t sit down, relax and have a cup of tea, knowing your young child was wandering around the streets alone.
Are you starting to see why your dog is stressed and barking when you leave now?
And all those other annoying behaviors such as chewing, destruction and trying to dig under the fence, or jump over the wall that only happens when you’re not around. Yep, that’s right!
They are all symptoms of a stressed dog that’s desperately concerned about you not being home and safe. Remember your dog can’t speak English to tell you any of this!
What is The Solution?
So, what’s the solution? Well, it’s almost certainly not by giving them a bone to chew on while you are away.
Imagine saying to the stressed parent that their young child is out on the streets, “Don’t worry, here’s a box of chocolates”! You may love chocolates, but it is not going to work in this situation.
You could treat his problem with a Kong toy jammed full of his favorite treats and other distractions. But, this is only treating the symptoms. It may work for half an hour or so; if you’re lucky. Most of you will know this doesn’t work because you’ll have already tried it!
The solution is actually very simple.
The Solution Is!
You need to become the pack leader in your dog’s eyes. Once you do this correctly, your dog will not see it as their job to protect you. You will be able to come and go as you please and they will be relaxed.
Here then is the real solution to having a calm, relaxed dog. No tricks, just an honest understanding.
Now, becoming the pack leader is not complicated. Anyone can do it. However, it’s not something that I can explain in 2 minutes here.
If you take a look at The Online Dog Trainer Doggy Dan’s website, he explains very powerfully how to establish yourself as the pack leader and stop dogs from barking when you leave them. There is even a $1 trial of Dan’s successful method that you can take advantage of right now.
Here are some additional tips that you can use in conjunction with becoming the pack leader that will help stop your dog barking.
Tip Set 1
Exercise: Exercise your dog before you leave them – a tired dog is more likely to relax.
Find the right space: Try leaving your dog in different areas – some dogs will relax more outside, others inside and some prefer smaller rooms such as a washroom or laundry.
Fed and watered: Always leave water down and make sure that your dog is warm and fed before you leave.
Tip Set 2
Pick up the bones: Leave toys around for your dog but not bones.
Music and TV: Consider leaving music on for your dog or the TV – these distractions can help.
Herbal remedies: There are some herbal products for dogs which can help relax them – but again they do not treat the cause of the issue, they help relax them, and are also quite costly.
Tip Set 3
Dog walkers: Help break up your dogs day by providing a walk in the middle of the day.
Leave calmly: Leave your dog calmly – while it’s fun to get excited when you leave your dog it’s better if you leave quietly. Say goodbye 5 minutes before to help them stay relaxed as you go.
Comfort jackets: There are also jackets and shirts available that are designed to comfort them. However, they are costly and have limited success in my experience. I even know of one dog that ate it!
Unfortunately, the popular idea that getting another dog is going to stop the problem is something I would stay well away from. Remember your dog’s issue is not boredom.
After all, many dogs who bark all day when the owners leave are the same dogs who lie around the house doing nothing most of the weekend when they are at home!
So, with all that said hopefully now, you have a far better understanding of your dog’s problem! I would suggest if you are serious about stopping the barking immediately then take a look at The Online Dog Trainer Doggy Dan’s site and become the pack leader. That will be the end of your issue!
Take advantage of our 3 Day $1 trial – take a look around this amazing site <<CLICK HERE>>.
There is an entire section dedicated to stopping this barking under the dog problem section “Separation Anxiety.”
You have to understand your dog’s problem through their eyes rather than human eyes! It can be hard to understand at first. They do not want more bones, or biscuits shoved into a ball – what they want is a strong pack leader.
So, get started now, take advantage of the 3 Day $1 trial now, don’t hang around. The sooner you turn things around the sooner your neighbors will be thanking you for it!
Here is a recent testimonial where a client, Michelle Stevens from NZ, talks about how Doggy Dan’s method helped her to stop their family dog barking constantly.
There are a ‘thousand and one’ different dog training methods. Today, we will investigate our preferred method. Positive reinforcement dog training in our experience is the kindest method. The results are relatively quick and no cruelty is involved what so over.
Remember how happy you were if your parents gave you a dollar for every A on your report card? They made you want to do it again, right? That’s positive reinforcement. Training dogs use a similar methodology.
Positive reinforcement dog training uses praise and/or treats to reward your dog for doing something you want him to do. Because the reward makes him more likely to repeat the behavior, positive reinforcement is one of your most powerful tools. Use it to shape or change your dog’s behavior.
Rewarding your dog for good behavior sounds pretty simple, and it is! To practice the technique effectively, you need to follow some basic guidelines.
Remember, Timing is Everything!
When using positive reinforcement dog training, correct timing is essential. The reward must occur immediately – within seconds – or your pet may not associate it with the proper action.
For example, if you have your dog sit but reward him after he stands back up, he’ll think he’s being rewarded for standing up.
Using a clicker to mark the correct behavior can improve your timing and also help your dog understand the connection between the correct behavior and the treat.
Remember, Keep it Short!
Dogs don’t understand sentences. “Daisy, I want you to be a good girl and sit for me now” will likely earn you a blank stare. Keep commands uncomplicated and short. The most commonly used dog commands are:
down (which means “lie down”)
off (which means “get off of me” or “get off the furniture”)
heel (which means “walk close to my side”)
Remember, Consistency is Key!
Everyone in the family should use the same commands; otherwise, your dog will get confused. It might help to post a list of commands where everyone can become familiar with them. A good place to use is the family notice board, the fridge in the kitchen.
Consistency also means always rewarding the desired behavior and never rewarding undesired behavior. When to use positive reinforcement dog training methods:
The Good & The Bad of It!
The good: Positive reinforcement dog training is great for teaching your dog commands, and it’s also a good way of reinforcing good behavior.
You may have your dog sit –
(i) before letting him out the door (which helps prevent door-darting)
(ii) before petting him (which helps prevent jumping on people)
(iii) before feeding him (which helps teach him good meal-time manners)
Give him a pat or a “Good dog” for lying quietly by your feet, or slip a treat into a Kong-type toy when he’s chewing it instead of your shoe.
The bad: Be careful that you don’t inadvertently use positive reinforcement to reward unwanted behaviors.
If you let your dog outside every time he barks at a noise in the neighborhood, you’re giving him a reward (access to the yard) for behavior you want to discourage.
Training him with timely positive reinforcement treats and/or praise will rid him of this bad behavior.
It can take time for your dog to learn certain behaviors. You may need to use a technique called “shaping”. This means reinforcing something close to the desired response and then gradually requiring more from your dog before he gets the treat.
For example, if you’re teaching your dog to “shake hands,” you may initially reward him for lifting his paw off the ground.
The second stage could be a reward for lifting his paw higher and then for touching your hand. When he allows you to hold his paw another reward should inspire him.
And finally, for actually “shaking hands” with you he should be smothered with hugs and praise and his favorite treat.
Types of Rewards
Positive reinforcement dog training can include food treats, praise, petting, or a favorite toy or game. Since most dogs are highly food-motivated, food treats work especially well for training.
A treat should be enticing and irresistible to your pet. Experiment a bit to see which treats work best for your pet.
It should be a very small (pea-size or even smaller for little dogs), soft piece of food so that he will immediately gulp it down and look to you for more.
Don’t give your dog something he has to chew or that breaks into bits and falls on the floor.
Keep a variety of treats handy so your dog won’t become bored getting the same treat every time. You can carry the treats in a pocket or fanny pack.
Each time you use a food reward, you should couple it with a verbal reward (praise). Give your dog a treat.
If your dog isn’t as motivated by food treats, a toy, petting, or brief play can be very effective rewards
When to give treats.
When your pet is learning a new behavior, reward him every time he does the behavior. This is called continuous reinforcement.
Once your pet has reliably learned the behavior, you want to switch to intermittent reinforcement, in which you continue with praise, but gradually reduce the number of times he receives a treat for doing the desired behavior.
At first, reward him with the treat four out of every five times he does the behavior. Over time, reward him three out of five times, then two out of five times, and so on, until you’re only rewarding him occasionally.
Continue to praise him every time– although once your dog has learned the behavior, your praise can be less effusive, such as a positive but quiet, “Good dog”.
Use a variable schedule of reinforcement so that he doesn’t catch on that he only has to respond every other time. Your pet will soon learn that if he keeps responding, eventually he’ll get what he wants– your praise and an occasional treat.
Caution! Don’t decrease the rewards too quickly. You don’t want your dog to become frustrated.
By understanding positive reinforcement dog training, you’ll see that you’re not forever bound to carry a pocketful of goodies. Your dog will soon be working for your verbal praise. He wants to please you and knows that, occasionally, he’ll get a treat, too.
Restarting Clicker Training
Question: I have been clicker training my young puppy for a few weeks now and he will do anything for a treat, but when I try to ask for a “sit” when I haven’t got a treat, he doesn’t always respond.
Sometimes he throws himself into a “down” rather than a “sit”, and when I withhold the click he gets frustrated and starts barking. I then go and get a treat and start again and he “sits” immediately. How can I wean him off treats to get him to do what I want?
Answer: Training expert Sharon Menzies says: You are not alone in finding the transition from food-in-the-hand to no-food difficult, and this is not just a clicker training problem.
Re-start your training with your puppy, bearing in mind the following suggestions.
It can help to hold both the food and the clicker in the same hand. Load a few treats in your palm behind the clicker and leave the delivery hand empty.
You can use either hand for the clicker and food but make sure you regularly change hands to keep your dog guessing. Click for the behavior you wish to reward then take a piece of food in your free hand and deliver it to your dog.
Once you think that your dog understands the behavior you are working on, place your treat box close at hand on a table, keep your hands in the same neutral position, click for the behavior, and reach for the food from your box.
When you are satisfied that your dog can cope with this, start to use random reinforcement.
Watch your dog carefully and only click and reward for the best examples of the behavior. These could be the fastest, the straightest or whatever element you are working on.
Or, simply decide that you are going to ask for two or three repetitions before clicking. You might end up only clicking for six out of 10 repetitions, and your dog begins to get used to the fact that not all attempts are good enough for a reward.
He also learns that the rewards are still there if he works harder for them. If you are happy with a behavior but decide not to click, use your voice to praise briefly. That way he will learn that praise can also be part of the reward system.
You have decided that the dog of your dreams is a Pomeranian. Good choice! In certain circumstances and households, this has to be the next question. How much does a Pomeranian cost?
This playful breed is active, intelligent, and sociable. There are a lot of factors that brought you to this point which may include personality, size, and of course looks.
There are many things to consider when beginning the journey of finding your new furry friend. What makes some pups more expensive than others?
How Much Does a Pomeranian Cost?
Once you have established if you want a puppy or adult dog, then you can consider where to get it. The options for this vary as well ranging from breeders to adoption and all the factors that play into these different choices.
You will want to consider the long-term financial commitments such as set up cost, training, grooming, and general caring for the animal. What are the factors in cost?
Price is relevant to age when purchasing a puppy. The ideal age to bring your new Pom home is between 10-12 weeks. Dogs at this age respond well to change. They are old enough to leave the mother dog and siblings and will adjust well to their new environment.
A new puppy is already adjusting to the world. Making the transition from the breeder’s home to your home will not seem strange when the puppy is learning new things every day.
Breeders vs Adoption
If you want an adult dog then a great choice is to adopt. Adopting an older dog is wonderful. Some do not want the commitment of training a new puppy. Some people just want that laid-back family dog feel.
You can find special Pomeranian rescues or follow the online listings at your local shelter to adopt this breed. This is the best budget option. Shelters and rescues will normally only charge you for the time the animal was in their care.
So, here is another answer to your question, “how much does a pomeranian cost”. Adoption pets can go as low as $300 in some situations if the animal is considered an adult. Pom Poms can live to be 12-16 years old.
This makes this long-lived breed a great choice for adopting and becoming part of the family at any age.
The mother dog is a loved member of the family during pregnancy and when it comes time to wean the puppies the breeders are practiced at taking care of that tricky transition between mom’s milk and solid food.
They also take care of registration for the puppies if they consider the litter to be of breeding quality. This could be for health reasons, looks, as well as considering whether or not to bring the dog to show.
What other costs should I consider?
Set Up Cost
Bringing a new member of the family home for the first time will have the same basic setup cost whether your pet is a puppy or an adult. So, when you or your family asks, “how much does a Pomeranian cost,” these are some of the costs.
You will need food, a bed and/or kennel, collar, leash, monthly supplies of flea and heartworm medicine, and perhaps some toys for small breeds.
Training and Socializing
Training is vital to having a well-behaved dog, and not letting behavior issues become a headache. If you adopt, the shelters sometimes have discounted classes through their facilities. If you buy elsewhere you will need to locate classes or personal trainers within your budget.
Socializing is also very important. You need early socializing if you want your Pom to be relaxed around other animals. This will ensure a positive reaction when in these situations.
Pomeranians are notoriously territorial as well as protective of their owner. Allow them to be in a situation where they realize they are safe. Reassure them that there is no threat to their space or their human. All of this will keep them calm and happy. Play groups can help with this, as can doggy day-care.
There are many needs to consider when thinking of how to keep your pup happy and healthy in the long run.
Pomeranians have two separate coats: undercoat and topcoat. This characteristic helps them to regulate temperature well, but when the cold season ends the undercoat sheds and will mat with the topcoat if you do not keep it well groomed.
If you cannot groom your little Pom yourself, it is highly recommended to have him groomed at a salon every 4-6 weeks. With shedding considered, it will also be a good idea to get a specialty pet vacuum so that you can keep your home tidy.
Visits to the vet as well as special considerations are important as well. The Pomeranian is known to be a very sturdy and healthy animal, but they commonly have issues with hip and knee joints.
Daily teeth cleaning is very important; as with all small breeds. The majority of three year old small dogs have some form of dental disease. It is wise to avoid this health issue at all costs.
If you can’t brush every day then weekly should help along with regular trips to the vet for teeth cleaning that will include plaque removal.
It may be very costly to pay out of pocket for an unexpected surgery, so it is recommended to get pet insurance.
Now when you ask, “how much does a pomeranian cost” you have a better understanding.
Owning a pet is a responsibility as much as it is a rewarding experience. Investing in your Pomeranian will ensure she lives a long and happy life and you can enjoy the companionship and fun times she will bring for many years to come.
Good dog behavior and bad dog behavior are learned traits puppies use very early to get what they want. Young puppies quickly learn that misbehaving is the very best way to get your attention.
Puppies are smarter than we ever give them credit for at such an early age. They start ‘training’ us as soon as they’re out of the basket or crate and hungry.
Indeed, many dogs will bark, steal, chew and run away with inappropriate articles simply to get you to respond or at least acknowledge their existence.
Dogs thrive on plenty of attention (and affection), so let’s give it to them when they are good. And, ignore them coldly when they’re misbehaving.
Good Dog Behavior Reinforced
One of the most magically powerful training techniques is to ignore all unwanted and inappropriate behavior and instead, to pay attention to and reinforce his good dog behavior.
Observe your dog and whenever he does something you like, simply say, “Good dog” and give him a piece of his favourite treat. For example, reward your dog whenever he sits or lies down. And again when he stops whining/barking or howling/growling. Reward him when he stops jumping-up, looks at you, or simply looks adorably cute.
Reward Him When He Stops
The preferred training technique which demonstrates the quickest way to retrain a learned bad behavior is when your dog is displaying an unwanted behavior, simply reward him when he stops the undesirable behavior.
Good dog behavior is likely the sooner he learns doing nothing earns him his favorite treat or pleasant verbal praise.
Waiting for him to stop and reinforcing the cessation of the misbehavior is the training technique of choice. Use it when trying to eliminate whining, growling and running away.
Punishment is proven to only exacerbate the problem. Evidence-based research shows the dog is more likely to whine, growl and run away.
Similarly, rewarding your dog for the absence of misbehavior is an extremely effective training technique. Sometimes the dog may look like he isn’t doing much. But that’s precisely the point!
Good dog behavior should be rewarded as often as possible; if only verbally.
Good Dog! Good Dog!
The dog may just stand there wagging his tail, but just think of all the annoying and frustrating things he could have been doing. He could have been barking, snarling, snapping, or biting! So, go ahead reward him for not acting fearfully or antisocially.
Or, you could get ahead of the game by deciding to actively reward your dog for any sociable, friendly or appeasing behavior.
When he approaches, wags his tail, wags his butt, sticks out his tongue, raises a paw, bows down in front of you, or rhythmically shifts his weight back and forth from front paw to front paw. Reward him!
Obviously, simply ignoring unwanted behavior will not eliminate it entirely. However, you will see a fast and dramatic reduction in the frequency of undesirable behavior. This is because the dog now allocates most of his time to good behaviors.
Why wouldn’t he? He is smart! He knows these good behaviors bring rewards and that is what drives him. Anytime his actions solicit your attention and affection, and he is rewarded, the less time there is for bad behavior.
After a couple of dozen rewards, you will find that your dog is sitting and looking up at you. A perfect sit-stay in perfect unwavering attention. You won’t even need ask for a thing. He has learned the behavior to gain what he wants – his favourite treat! All you need say is “Good boy!”
Does He Know He’s Being Bad? Good?
When using the words “good” and “bad” to describe dog behavior it is highly unlikely that dogs have any solid cognitive grasp on ethics and morality, or even about the concepts of good and bad.
Dogs behave (chew, bark, growl, pull on leash, run away etc.) the way they do simply because that’s the way dogs behave and they do this because that’s the way owners have trained or allowed them to behave.
The meaning of “good” behavior, is behavior that owners consider to be desirable, appropriate or acceptable and by “bad” behavior, is what owners consider to be undesirable, inappropriate or unacceptable.
However, it is universally accepted that good dog behavior brings rewards for both dog and owner.